In the past few years, there have been few changes in the rules of the game. The ITTF changed the number of points the game can be played. Then came the ban of speed glue came in 2007. Now ITTF is considering the ball to be made of plastic instead of celluloid.
The celluloid balls have been using from the time table tennis have started. The celluloid is looking for a replacement according to many researchers. There are many reasons to it. There is manual labor involved in making celluloid balls. They are inflammable too. A ping pong ball can’t put much danger if it burns. But the danger of explosion in factories have raised the concerns of labor unions.
The shipping carriers did not allow the speed glue to be shipped via air. The celluloid made ping pong balls fall in that category. It is flammable to be strictly speaking.
There are few advantages you will see when a plastic ball is being used. The durability of the ball will increase. The seam between the upper and lower portions of the ball will disappear.
I can’t say anything about the impact of this ball on the game. The materials being used and other factors can make the game faster or slower. However the spin may reduce, the rotations on the ball in air may reduce. This is a good news for hitters. The long pips players may suffer. The variations of spin that can be imparted on the ball can reduce.
How a celluloid ball is made:
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